Petfoodology

the scientific study of pet nutrition by veterinary nutrition specialists and experts.

Treat Options for Dogs and Cats Without Unbalancing Their Diet

Treat Options for Dogs and Cats Without Unbalancing Their Diet
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We’ve discussed how many treats your pet can receive per day and a few human foods that are healthy or harmful for your pet, but I’ve seen a few families recently where ‘table scraps’ or ‘just giving a little bit’ can add up quite a lot! If you’re looking to add a little treat outside your pet’s meals, need options to give medication or to use as training treats, or are looking for some palatability enhancers to encourage your pet to eat, we’ve created a larger list of foods that are healthy and relatively low in calories so you can avoid unbalancing your pet’s diet with too many foods coming from outside their main diet.

How Much is Too Much?

Reminder that your pet should only receive 10% of their daily calories from treats so you don’t unbalance their diet! A 10 lb dog or cat has an average daily calorie requirement of 300 calories per day so 10% of that would be a maximum of only 30 calories for treats. For your average 75 lb dog, their average calorie requirements are 1,400 calories per day so that means a maximum of 140 calories for treats. Unsure how much your pet should be getting? Check out this previous post with links to calculators that estimate your pet’s daily calorie needs, including the maximum number of calories they should be getting from treats.

Food Options and Amounts to Meet 15-20 Calories:

*We strongly recommend weighing these out so you know exactly how much your pet will get and so you don’t under or overestimate calories coming from volume measurements!

Food (raw unless noted) Amount Calories
Vegetables, raw    
Cucumbers 1 cup slices (100 g) 15
Carrots 4 baby carrots (40 g) 16
Green beans 1/2 cup or 8 green beans (45 g) 15
Sweet red peppers 1/3 cup chopped (50 g) 15
Celery 2 stalks (100 g) 15
Tomatoes 5 cherry tomatoes (85 g) 15
Broccoli 1/2 cup chopped or diced (45 g) 15
Vegetables, cooked    
Cauliflower boiled, drained, no salt 1/2 cup of 1 inch pieces (70 g) 15
Brussel sprouts boiled, drained, no salt 1/4 cup (40 g) 15
Cabbage boiled, drained, no salt 1/2 cup shredded (75 g) 15
Broccoli boiled or steamed, drained, no salt 1/4 cup chopped or diced (50 g) 15
Carrots, steamed 1/3 cup chopped (50 g) 15
Yellow squash, steamed 1/3 cup sliced (60 g) 15
Zucchini, steamed 1/2 medium zucchini (100 g) 15
Green beans, steamed 1/2 cup 1/2 inch pieces (50 g) 15
Fruit    
Apples 1/4 cup chopped (30 g) 15
Strawberries 3 medium strawberries (50 g) 16
Blueberries 20 blueberries (25 g) 15
Raspberries 15 raspberries (30 g) 15
Bananas 1/8 medium banana (20 g) 15
Watermelon, honeydew melon, or cantaloupe 1/3 cup diced (50 g) 15
Meats, cooked    
Egg, hard boiled 1/4 large egg (13 g) 20
Chicken or turkey breast, boiled or baked 1 tablespoon diced (9 g) 15
Other foods    
Pumpkin, canned, without salt 2 tablespoons (30 g) 15
Yogurt, Greek, plain, nonfat 2 tablespoons (28 g) 15
Air popped popcorn, unsalted 1/2 cup popped (4 g) 15

 

While these treats may be ok for a healthy pet, these foods may not be appropriate for any pets with a medical condition.  Be sure to talk to your veterinarian about appropriate treats if your pet has any medical issues.

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Deborah E. Linder, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Nutrition)

Dr. Deborah Linder, a board-certified veterinary nutritionist, is the head of the Tufts Obesity Clinic for Animals and has had articles appear in Eating Well, the Boston Globe, AARP, SHAPE, and XM Sirius Radio Doctor Channel. She has spoken at national and international conferences and a Capitol Hill briefing, and is an expert in pet obesity, nutrition communication, and in the human-animal bond. 

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